The spoken language is called Korean and the written language is called Hangul. The Korean language belongs to the Ural-Altic family of languages which also includes Turkish and Mongolian. Although the language contains many words derived from Chinese and printed media still use Chinese ideographs to represent many of those words, structurally the two languages are very different. Korean is closer to the Japanese language linguistically.
The following phrases and vocabulary are provided by the University of Maryland University College. If you would like more information about Korean Lanaguage, check your local Education Center to sign up for KORN111.